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Blue Carbon Methodology

This KFF initiative is designed to create a methodology to validate and monetise the carbon sequestration impact of giant kelp afforestation. The research undertaken by KFF will add to the scientific foundation that supports the development of a new voluntary carbon protocol for carbon sequestration of giant kelp aquaculture which will allow future kelp farmers to monetise the positive carbon impact of their activities.

Giant kelp forests are one of the largest carbon sinks on the planet but the role of kelp aquaculture has been relatively unexplored despite its great potential to reduce CO2 concentration and sea water acidity. Giant kelp is often overlooked in ‘Blue Carbon’ assessments – the term used for how marine photosynthetic organisms mitigate climate change and sequester carbon.

It is believed that giant kelp forests can contribute more than mangroves, seagrass meadows and salt marshes combined.

KFF hopes as a result of their research it will demonstrate the value of giant kelp forests to society and ensure giant kelp will be included in the definition of ‘Blue Carbon’.

Focus Areas
Focus Areas

Public Awareness

The goal of KFF is to increase the awareness of the multiple ecosystem services of kelp forests and ensure this knowledge is publicly available to companies, governments, regulators, NGOs, academics, future kelp farmers and other stakeholders.

KFF will do this by participating in and organising conferences, webinars and events and organise youth outreach programs to increase ocean sensitisation and education.

We primarily use social media and film to disseminate valuable content and reach a wider audience.

Macrocystis Seed Bank

KFF plans to create a Macrocystis pyrifera seed bank for the purposes of research, cultivation and conservation. By collecting genetic material from wild giant kelp forests around the world, then securing and storing it in the Hortimare seed bank, KFF will ensure the genetic preservation and proliferation of giant kelp for the future.

KFF plans to co-sponsor an all-female zero-emission collection and research sailing expedition to source kelp spores from existing wild kelp beds globally. Collection areas of this expedition include Argentina, Chile, Falklands, Beagle Channel, Tristan da Cunha, Tasmania, New Zealand and California.

This will contribute to ongoing research, restoration efforts and to support future kelp farmers.

macrocystis seed bank

Focus Areas

Zero Emission Collection & Research Sailing Expedition

Focus Areas


Buenos Aires – Ushuaia/Beagle Passage – Falkland Islands – South Georgia – Tristan da Cunha/Gough Island – Luderitz


Luderitz – Kerguelen – Ile Amsterdam – Tasmania – New Zealand


New Zealand – Tierra del Fuego/Beagle Passage – Los Lagos – Santiago – Peru – Baja California – California


California – Oregon – Washington – British Columbia – Alaska